He has also had his work staged at the Guthrie and other major regional theatres in the United States, as well as in Germany, the U. Those who practice traditional religion especially in Africa, Asia and some parts of the Caribbean do not recognize the existence of heaven and hell. Every social fabric is built on a structure of complementarities irrespective of the tensions arising from vices, imbalance and instability. This unfair treatment and prejudice stem from the patriarchal nature of African societies which blame every shortcoming in the families on the womenfolk. In this paper, I examine how opposites that populate the two plays share an inevitable unity along the distinctive lines of Hegelian dialectics.
Osofisan is a Yoruba and the consciousness of the relationship between one area of existence and the other as pointed out by Soyinka is not lost on him. In this way, the supernatural realm is considered superior to the physical realm although both require each other for relevance. These adaptations show that writers admit to being influence by other playwright but not without elements of their creative imagination in most cases. Wole Soyinka and Chinua Achebe. In the discipline of arts and humanities, Wilhelm Frederic Hegel appears to be the leading proponent of the unity of opposite principle which he popularized through his dialectic method and which has a close affinity with the Marxist dialectics. Merry Christmas and happy New Year! The class tension is initially raised in the play when Elusu, wife of Olokun, god of the inland waters decides to punish the people of Egure community because they did not offer sacrifice to her for twenty-five years.
It equally addresses the obnoxious cultural and social norms that threaten the cohesion, love and happiness that should have cemented a happy relationship of husbands and wives. He subsequently held faculty positions at the , where he retired as full professor in 2011. Without this unity, there apparently would have been no end to the sufferings and killings of the people of Ife. This is demonstrated in his plays where he appropriates gods and deities to show their inevitable relationship with the living. This is in direct opposition to another unseen power that controls everything negative whose ultimate abode is hell fire, a place of anguish and eternal punishment. Religion is a marriage between Heaven and Hell, a marriage like any other marriage, is not without strife.
Irked by this apparent impudence, Elesu, the goddess of the sea strikes Saluga dead. They notionally take into account their first name, surname, middle name and every other one they might have amassed. The upholding element of this relationship is the farm products which the farmers produce and require the patronage of the rich for their material profit and existence. Most critics have argued that by investing Olokun with such attributes like love and sympathy and by making him an agent of transformation, Osofisan betrays a patriarchal prejudice and revives the perennial gender conflict between feminine effete and male machismo. The research therefore, calls for a review of attitude, thought, and approach towards childless women whose condition demand understanding and consolation.
This is because of the high premium placed on children as the symbol of family continuity and this accounts for the reason why procreation is considered the paramount and the primary purpose of any marriage contracted in Africa. Correct My names are Albert Chinalmg Achebe Wrong My name is Albert Chinalmg Achebe Correct My names are Babafemi AdeyemiOsofisan OkinbaLaunko. With always so much to eat, even servants feed their dogs…yet here, farmers cannot eat their own products, for they need the money from the market. As a dialectical category, the principle has permeated various academic disciplines from arts to social sciences and even in the pure sciences. I am more concerned in this paper with Yoruba metaphysics because it supplies a plethora of pantheons with contrary and reciprocal suppositions, and again because Femi Osofisan, the playwright whose plays I interrogate in this essay draws his artistic idiosyncrasies from it. In response to the tragedy in the land, Biokun consults Togun, the priest of Olokun who reveals that Biokun is a carrier, one who has been chosen by the gods to die vicariously in order to save the entire community.
The play enacts a confrontation between the supernatural realm and the physical realm and portrays the relationship between humans and gods, how the failure of humans to carry out sacrifices for Elesu goddess of the inland waters results in cataclysmic consequences. A woman automatically loses her respect, value, and regard even among her womenfolk who should be more understanding and sympathetic. However, in the hands of the playwright, Titubi is radicalized as she abandons her initial espionage mission. I am looking for a third way that is neither western nor African, neither white nor black, not multi-racial but a play that simply deals with many races. The rare plurality may apply: My names are Femi Osofisan and Okinba Launko. This is manifested in the cruel humiliating treatment meted out to Wura, the heroine of this novel simply because she is unable to bear a for her husband. One of his prose works; Ma'ami was.
Every positive force is attributed to this power both terrestrial and extraterrestrial and those who adhere to the geomancy of the Christian religion refer to this power as God. To appreciate the above scenario, one may ponder the possibility of Alhaja and her class existing without the dedicated existence of the police force. Of course, you must realise that pluralising your name is not a status symbol because many of those guilty of the error seem to portray it as such. For a man, it is a sacred duty towards his whole lineage to advance the family name. Through the ugly experiences of these female characters on account of childlessness, Nwapa and Osofisan satirize the forces of oppression and injustice that enslave women in Africa and call for fair and humane treatment of the second gender especially in issues that demand societal understanding, sympathy and consolation for the woman. He is currently a Distinguished Professor of Theatre Arts, , Nigeria.
At different events, I have heard many people say it, usually with exaggerated confidence, when they wanted to introduce themselves. In the Western world, for instance, marriages break down mainly for reasons of infidelity, lack of trust, and lack of support from either partner,and so on. The reason for this is that in African societies, the expectation of every family is procreation. It is not like the first example without the conjunction. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press, 1977. Childless African women not only face family hatred but also societal scorn, mockery and isolation. .